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How to upload a file to the server in Flask [Python]
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import os # We'll render HTML templates and access data sent by POST # using the request object from flask. Redirect and url_for # will be used to redirect the user once the upload is done # and send_from_directory will help us to send/show on the # browser the file that the user just uploaded from flask import Flask, render_template, request, redirect, url_for, send_from_directory from werkzeug import secure_filename # Initialize the Flask application app = Flask(__name__) # This is the path to the upload directory app.config['UPLOAD_FOLDER'] = 'uploads/' # These are the extension that we are accepting to be uploaded app.config['ALLOWED_EXTENSIONS'] = set(['txt', 'pdf', 'png', 'jpg', 'jpeg', 'gif']) # For a given file, return whether it's an allowed type or not def allowed_file(filename): return '.' in filename and \ filename.rsplit('.', 1) in app.config['ALLOWED_EXTENSIONS'] # This route will show a form to perform an AJAX request # jQuery is loaded to execute the request and update the # value of the operation @app.route('/') def index(): return render_template('index.html') # Route that will process the file upload @app.route('/upload', methods=['POST']) def upload(): # Get the name of the uploaded file file = request.files['file'] # Check if the file is one of the allowed types/extensions if file and allowed_file(file.filename): # Make the filename safe, remove unsupported chars filename = secure_filename(file.filename) # Move the file form the temporal folder to # the upload folder we setup file.save(os.path.join(app.config['UPLOAD_FOLDER'], filename)) # Redirect the user to the uploaded_file route, which # will basicaly show on the browser the uploaded file return redirect(url_for('uploaded_file', filename=filename)) # This route is expecting a parameter containing the name # of a file. Then it will locate that file on the upload # directory and show it on the browser, so if the user uploads # an image, that image is going to be show after the upload @app.route('/uploads/<filename>') def uploaded_file(filename): return send_from_directory(app.config['UPLOAD_FOLDER'], filename) if __name__ == '__main__': app.run( host="0.0.0.0", port=int("80"), debug=True )
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